Part Worn 4×4 Tyres – Should You Buy?


Should you buy part worn 4×4 tyres? Purchasing part worn tyres might seem like a cheap alternative, but can end up costing you more in the long run.

When it comes to buying 4×4 tyres, no corner should be cut. Tyres are extremely important for keeping you and your fellow motorists safe on the road. Your tyres are the only part of your 4×4 in contact with the road, therefore it’s vital they should be in tip-top condition.

What are part worn tyres?

what are part worn tyres

As the name suggests, part worn tyres are tyres that have already been used. Buying part worn tyres could be considered like buying anything other second-hand, if something goes wrong with it, you can’t take it back.

Are part worn tyres safe?

Tread depth is one of the key components of safe driving. If a tyre has low tread depth, it can become increasingly ineffective and dangerous to other road users.

Are part worn tyres legal?

In the UK, it is not illegal to sell part worn tyres to motorists, However, a legislation has been put in place to permit the sale, subject to the tyres meeting a number of strict criteria. Despite this, part worn tyres are being sold illegally and a pose a serious safety risk to motorists.

Part worn tyres must:

Under The Motor Vehicle Tyres (Safety) Regulations 1994 (reg.7.) which is part of the Consumer Protection Act, it is an offence for anyone to sell part worn tyres that do not meet the following principal requirements:

  • Have an EC approval mark + a speed & load capacity index
  • structural integrity must not be compromised
  • The tyre must NOT have large cuts any bulges or lumps both internally and externally
  • The tyre should not have plies or cords exposed
  • Prior to the sale, the tyres must have passed an inflation test
  • The tyres original grooves must still be clearly visible in their entirety and must be to a depth of at least 2mm across the full breadth of the tread, around its entire circumference
  • Part worn tyres which have NOT been re-treaded must clearly show the relevant ‘E’ mark alongside which ‘PART-WORN’ must be permanently and legibly applied in letters at least 4mm high.

Part-worn tyres that have been re-treaded must have one of the following:

  • The tyre should have BS AU 144b, 144c, 144d, or 144e markings on the side wall (if first supplied as a re-tread on or before 31 December 2003 an ECE approval mark (if first supplied as a re-tread on or after 1 January 2004)
  • The tyre should feature a permanent mark to identify the original model and manufacturer, the word ‘RETREAD’ moulded onto or into its sidewall (in upper case letters at least 4mm high) and further markings in accordance with ECE rules. You may need to seek further advice as to which rules apply
  • The indication ‘PART WORN’ must also appear next to the BS or ECE approval mark, or next to the word ‘RETREAD’ on the tyre
  • For tyres marked BS AU 144e, a speed category symbol and load capacity marking should be present
  • A tyre has to comply with all these requirements whether or not it is fitted to a rim

More information can be found here.

TyreSafe discovered that 98% of part worn tyres that they checked were sold illegally – with 34% of the tyre containing dangerous forms of damage.

Read. Are your tyres safe and legal?

How much do part worn tyres cost?

how much do part worn tyres cost
Image source: Kwik Fit

The cost of a part worn tyre can vary depending on the size of the tyre, brand, and how much the tyre has worn. Costs will also vary depending on the fitter you choose. When purchasing a part worn tyre, the cost is lower than that of a new tyre. However, despite the initial upfront cost, part worn tyres do not offer good value for money in the long run.

This is because a part worn tyre has been used before, and will have less tread depth than that of a new tyre. Part worn tyres typically have 4mm and under, whereas a new tyre will on average come with 8mm of tread. Instead of focusing on the cost of the initial price, you should look at the cost per mm of a tyre.

Are part worn tyres any good?

Depending on their condition, part worn tyres can be good for a short amount of time when compared to new tyres. If you only drive low miles every day, then part worn tyres might be a great solution for you.

Where can I buy part worn tyres?

If you’re tempted to buy part worn tyres, you can simply Google “part worn tyres near me” and you will be given an abundance of links to different companies selling part worn tyres near you.

Should I buy part worn tyres?

The choice is yours. We will always advise you to buy new tyres for safety reasons and for long-term investment. In the UK, it isn’t illegal to sell part worn tyres, but if you do decide to buy part worn tyres for your 4×4, please check they meet the strict criteria mentioned above. Part worn’s may appear to save you money initially, however, they actually cost you more in the long run & could put you and others road safety at risk.

See our great selection of new 4×4 tyres.

What Causes Brake Squeal?

what causes break squeal and how to fix brake squeal

Find out what causes brake squeal and how to stop brake squeal

There’s nothing worse than coming to a stop and hearing that shrill, piercing sound of your brakes squealing.

But what actually causes this noise and how can it be prevented?

This is something we get asked on a day-to-day basis, so we’re writing this article to give you the answer.

This is actually a very common problem that a lot of people don’t understand.

Most people when they hear their brakes squealing, they do nothing and expect it to go away. Sometimes, people have their music too loud to even notice it.

However, not resolving brake squeal can be dangerous and cost you in the long run.

What Causes Brake Squeal?

Squealing brakes are a sign of one of the following conditions.

  1. The friction material is effectively gone and the backing plate is being jammed against the brake rotor (worn brake pads).
  2. Glazed pads and rotors.
  3. Lack of brake pad insulation
  4. Broken anti-rattle clips


Worn brake pads

Squealing is the result of extremely high-frequency vibration between the pads, the caliper piston, and the brake rotor. A brake pad is compromised of steel backing with friction material attached to it. When you apply the brakes, hydraulic pressure is produced causing the brake pads (via brake calipers) to clamp down on the brake discs (rotors) causing friction. The friction caused by the pads clamping onto the discs is what slows down and brings your vehicle to a stop.

When the friction material on your pads wears down, the time has come to change your brake pads.

Glazed brake pads and discs

Brake squeal can also happen when the brake calipers are sticking and the brake stays partially applied. When this happens the brake pads are in constant contact with the disc. This produces excessive friction and heat. Overheated brake pads can harden and crystallise.

Glazing doesn’t just occur on brake pads, it can also occur on brake discs. If this is the case, the squealing is the result of these hardened surfaces coming into contact with each other.

Lack of brake pad insulation

When a vehicle is new, insulation shims are placed against the steel backing of the pad effectively insulating it from the brake caliper. When the shims eventually wear out, this can also cause squealing.

Broken Anti-rattle clips

Brake pads are held in place on the caliper by pad stays. Anti-rattle clips are used to secure the pad to prevent it from vibrating or rattling when you apply the brakes. If your anti-rattle clips are broken, the brake pads vibrating will cause the squealing noise you can hear.

How to Stop Brake Squeal

So, we’ve identified the causes. We now need to stop the brake squeal from happening.

  1. Replace worn out brake pads with new brake pads
  2. Clean your existing brake pads
  3. Replace or clean your brake discs if they’re rusted.


ChrisFix explains how to stop your brakes from squeaking in this great video (see below)

When Should You Replace Your Brake Pads?

Changing the brake pads of your vehicle is a major adjustment to your vehicle to keep it safe.

When should they be replaced?

  1. If your vehicle’s brake pedal feels spongy or springy when applied
  2. Poor braking
  3. Your vehicle judders when braking
  4. Brake Squeal


Replacing your brake pads is a cheap and effective way of keeping your vehicle roadworthy and safe and should be something that is not overlooked. Check your brake pads today to keep your vehicle running safely, smoothly and legally.

Milner Off Road stock a wide array of 4×4 brake pads for different vehicles, so if you suspect that your brakes may be on their way out, we can help.

Simply enter your reg number here to see our range of 4×4 brake pads and other parts, and if you have any questions please don’t hesitate to get in touch or leave a comment.

Best DPF Cleaner

best dpf cleaner

Best DPF Cleaner for Diesel Vehicle Maintenance

If you own a diesel vehicle, then you will definitely need to clean your DPF (Diesel Particulate Filter) at some point. Most diesel owners aren’t even aware their vehicle has a DPF and can be quite worried when the dreaded DPF light appears on their dashboard.

The best DPF cleaner we recommend here at Milner is the TEC4 Complete DPF & Diesel System Cleaning Kit for vehicles with DPF. It’s the perfect cost-effective solution for cleaning your DPF. This kit can easily either significantly improve fuel economy or fix an existing problem. Nb. This kit will only clean your DPF.

What is a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)?

The diesel particulate filter (DPF) is designed to remove diesel particulate matter or soot from exhaust gas produced by a diesel engine.

The DPF needs to be cleaned regularly, and this is done by a process called regeneration. The regeneration can be either active, passive or forced regeneration. Soot is burnt off at high temperature – approximately 600°c – leaving only a residue of ash. The reason for the regeneration is to allow it to take on more pollution from the diesel engine.

What to Look for In A DPF Cleaner

In our opinion, these are the most important things to look for:

  • Combats the adverse effects of stop-start driving
  • Lowers the temperature at which soot particles are burnt off
  • Aids passive regeneration of the DPF system
  • Improves engine performance and response
  • Compatible with all diesel engines
  • Reduces exhaust emissions

Tec4 DPF System Cleaner is simply added to the contents of the fuel tank. The product uses a catalyst to adhere to the soot particles produced during combustion thus lowering the temperature at which the soot particles can be burnt off.

This enables the system to regenerate at the lower temperatures typically associated with short journeys and stop-start driving.

Tec4 DPF System Cleaner is compatible with Diesel and Bio-Diesel.

Use only as directed in compression ignition engines.

Add one 400ml bottle of Tec4 DPF System Cleaner to the contents of the fuel tank.

For engines that have a fuel tank larger than 100-litre capacity add at 0.5% by volume.

Why Should You Clean Your DPF?

As we mentioned above, the DPF’s aim is to physically trap and collect diesel soot and ash particles. While the majority of trapped soot is burned off during periodic filter regeneration, ash particles are not burned off. Over time, the unburned ash particles and soot will plug the filter unless the filteris cleaned. Letting Soot and ash build up can lead to you needing a new DPF which can cost anywhere from a few hundred pounds to a few thousand pounds depending on your vehicles make.

The common benefits of regular DPF cleaning are:

  • Improve fuel economy
  • Improve overall engine performance
  • Prevent DPF failure and replacement expenses

Find out how to clean your DPF here.

DPF Blocked? What happens next?

When your DPF filter reaches approximately 45% blockage the filter will begin “active regeneration”. Once the blockage reaches this level, this will usually lead to the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) valve being closed. To begin the “active regeneration” the boost pressure from the turbo is increased slightly along with a slightly higher idle RPM. Diesel is then injected into the cylinders just after combustion so that it enters the Exhaust further heating up the DPF to around 600°c and clearing the soot from the filter.

DPFs tend to need replacement after a certain mileage has elapsed, the rate of which varies between 80,000 and 150,000 miles, dependent on the car make and model, the type of use and whether or not the engine has had regular oil changes with a lubricant that does not contain additives that block the filter. Instead of having a new DPF fitted, it is possible to have it cleaned.

Is it Illegal to remove the DPF?

Removing your car’s diesel particulate filter (DPF) might be tempting because the damage caused by a clogged DPF can result in four-figure repair bills. To meet or exceed European-dictated emissions standards, DPFs have been fitted to most diesel cars for almost a decade and, because they need high temperatures to regenerate, low mileage stop-start motoring can cause them to block. Should a fascia warning lamp be ignored, expensive engine damage can occur.

If a vehicle is fitted with a DPF and is then removed, it is illegal to drive that vehicle on the road. “It is an offence under the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations to use a vehicle that has been modified in such a way that it no longer complies with the air pollutant emissions standards it was designed to meet.” Removal of a DPF will almost invariably contravene these requirements, making the vehicle illegal for road use.

Will DPF Removal Result in MOT Failure?

If you have your DPF filter removed or has been removed before you bought the vehicle, it will fail its MOT. There have been cases where people have bought a used diesel vehicle with 12 month’s MOT and failed it’s next MOT because, unbeknown to the new owner, the DPF had been removed.

However, if your vehicle was never originally fitted with a DPF, it will be logged in the VIN code and the MOT inspector will not look for one.

Please note: Milner Off Road are not liable for any damage you may cause to your vehicle(s) by following the instructions above. If you have not performed this procedure on your vehicle before, we highly advise you take your vehicle to a local mechanic.

How Do I Clean My DPF?

What Is A DPF?

A DPF or Diesel Particulate Filter is a device designed to remove diesel particulate substance or soot (black carbon) from the exhaust gases of a diesel engine.

What Does A DPF Do?

Also known as a ‘soot trap’, the DPF catches the soot from the exhaust gases, effectively reducing the amount of emissions the car creates. Since 2009 it is the law for new diesel cars to be fitted with a DPF off the production line, to help stop the amount of harmful emissions being injected into our atmosphere. Removal of your DPF can result in a hefty fine, up to £1000 for a car and up to £2500 for a light goods vehicle.

How Do I Clean My DPF?

You have a few options when it comes to the cleaning of your DPF.


Some say driving at speeds of over 40mph for 10 minutes using at least 2500 RPM and sticking in 3rd/4th gear can turn off your DPF light from your dash.
(We personally would not recommend this method)

Local DPF Cleaning Specialist.

Send it to a local specialist. However, you may have to dig deep, don’t expect it to be cheap.

We found a handy tool here: Find a DPF Specialist. 
Or you could choose a carbon clean: Find a Carbon Clean Specialist.
(Obviously, this is the more sensible choice)

DPF Cleaning Additives.

Relatively new to the market, these cleaning additives are now readily available online or at your local motor factors.
In fact, we (Milner Off Road) stock the TEC4 branded additives on our website. Tec4 are manufacturers of high-quality engine treatments and Fuel Saving products, you can find out more about them here.
TEC4 advise vehicles used regularly for urban cycle driving rarely achieve the conditions required for regeneration, resulting in the filter becoming blocked. TEC4’s DPF System Cleaner contains cerine additives which bond to the soot particles reducing the temperature at which they combust, this enables the DPF to passively regenerate during urban cycle driving.
Here at Milner’s, we stock the Complete DPF & Diesel System Cleaner, adding this product into your annual service is turning out to be a popular choice. Not only does it clean your DPF but it also cleans your fuel system. (Please also ensure you use the correct specification oil).

Prevention is better than cure! We would suggest getting some TEC4 before it is too late.


Here is a quick video explaining the TEC4 products:

At only £17 + vat it isn’t going to break the bank, making it the perfect solution to your annual service.

If you have any questions about the information above, you can email us: [email protected] or telephone 01629 734411.

Read: Best DPF Cleaner

Please note: Milner Off Road are not liable for any damage you may cause to your vehicle(s) by following the instructions above. If you have not performed this procedure on your vehicle before, we highly advise you take your vehicle to a local mechanic.



Is My Alternator Faulty?

Is My Alternator Faulty?

What Is An Alternator?

Alternators are commonly used in ‘newer’ vehicles. Their function is to charge the battery and get power to the electrical system when your engine is turned on.
The alternator earns its name from the term ‘alternating current’ or AC.
Nearly all alternators are seated using brackets which bolt on to a specific point on the engine.

Is My Alternator Faulty?

You may be experiencing slow start ups, flickering headlights or a warning light on your instrument panel, but is it the alternator?

Milner’s have put together a quick test to help you out.

The Multimeter test.

For this test you will need a multi-meter / multi-tester / voltmeter. These can be purchased online or at your local motor factors, you may even have change left from a tenner.
With the engine switched off, connect the meter to the battery terminals RED positive & BLACK negative. (Do not connect these to the cable clamps)

The meter should read a minimum of 12.3 volts or if you have a good condition battery, it should read at least 12.6 volts.
If your meter is showing below this reading it could be a result of one of the following reasons:

  • The battery is discharged. (Recharge your battery)
  • The battery is low on distilled water. (The water should be 5mm above the plates. DO NOT fill the battery full to the top).
  • The battery has a high internal resistance. (Sulphide plates)

Multi-meter test

IF your battery is in good condition.

Start your engine and rev to 2000 RPM. This will draw power on the battery and cause the voltage regulator to start the alternator working. Let the engine idle and the reading should be:

  • A minimum of 13 volts.
  • Revving the engine will fluctuate the voltage between 13 to 14.5 volts, which indicates the alternator is in good shape.
  • If the voltage when revving the engine stays the same or decreases, then your alternator is more than likely faulty.
  • To test the regulator, repeat the process with the lights, radio and A/C (if fitted) switched ON.
    Rev the engine again to a constant 2000 RPM. The meter reading should read above 13 volts and no more than 14.8 volts. IF the meter reads above 14.8 volts, the alternator is probably over-charging.

If you are unsure on the above, take your vehicle to your local garage and get them to do the test for you.


(The above information is a guide only. It is down to the operator to gain the correct voltage tolerances for the vehicle on test. The above tests are for a standard 12 volt negative earth system. A good working battery will show 12.6 volts and a minimum of 12.3 volts.)

Nissan Navara Sagging Rear Suspension Issues.

Nissan Navara Rear Suspension Issues


Nissan Navara Rear Suspension Issues.

The model in question is the Navara NP300 2015 onward.

The vehicle itself gets a 4.5 out of 5 stars by AutoExpress, reporting  ”Small bumps are ironed out far more effectively and the floating feeling over sudden undulations is much better suppressed.”
However, while it brings some benefits when unladen, it has been criticised for struggling to cope with anything approaching its claimed load weight of 1 tonne. Further more Nissan state the NP300 has a 3.5 tonne towing capacity.

Despite the claimed stats, opinions from owners are coming in that their Nissan’s are ”struggling” with loads well under the claimed payload. Unmanageable steering and sagging springs are just a few to mention.
Vehicles that are used for work or tow large trailers are proving that the standard rear suspension is much too soft.

Here at Milner’s we developed a kit to abolish the NP300’s flaws / poor rear suspension characteristics.

The Milner kit will restore the vehicle to a more usable ride height when loaded/towing without compromising comfort when empty.

Kit Comprises of:
2 x Upgraded Coil Springs
2 x Heavy Duty Shock Absorbers

(The shock absorbers must be used to overcome the effects of the stronger spring.)

Nissan Navara NP300 Suspension Upgrade Kit

Head on over to to get your kit.

Comment below with you thoughts or experiences.

11 Awesome Modified 4×4’s From Around The World

toyota tundra

Who doesn’t love awesome modified 4×4’s? We most certainly do, and so we’ve put together a list of 11 awesome modified 4×4’s from around the world. Check out how these off-road enthusiasts are upping their 4×4 game.

1. Toyota Land Cruiser 76 Series

modified 4x4's - - toyota land cruiser 76 series
Image source:

2. Land Rover Defender

modified 4x4's - land rover defender
Image source:

3. Toyota Land Cruiser FJ40

modified 4x4's - toyota land cruiser fj40
Image source:

4. Nissan Navara

modified 4x4's - Nissan Navara
Image source:

5. Toyota Tundra

modified 4x4's - toyota tundra
Image source:

6. Ford F-150

modified 4x4's - ford f-150
Image source:

7. Mitsubishi Pajero

modified 4x4's - Mitsubishi pajero
Image source:

8. Toyota Tacoma

modified 4x4's - Toyota Tacoma
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9. Nissan Pathfinder

modified 4x4's - Nissan Pathfinder
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10. Toyota Hilux

modified 4x4's - Toyota Hilux
Image source:

11. Milner LRM-1

milner lrm-1
Of course we had to include our own creation too!

Which one is your favourite? Let us know your thoughts on these modified 4×4’s from around the world in the comments below, and be sure to share some photos of your own awesome 4×4 mods too.

How Often Should I Change My Gearbox Filter And Oil?


How Often Should I Change My Gearbox Filter And Oil?

Why Do I Have A Gearbox Filter?

Well as you rack up more miles in your vehicle, the auto gearbox is working very hard under the heat from your daily journeys. Your gearbox oil may become contaminated with worn bits of the internal gears. If these impurities are not drained out, they will shorten the life of your gearbox.
To prevent this from happening you should change your gearbox filter regularly, as this is your savior keeping you from expensive gearbox problems.
The filter removes the impurities floating around within the oil, whilst the oil not only acts as a lubricant but also as a coolant.

How Often Should I Change My Gearbox Oil And Filter?

Milner’s number one technical guy advises, personally he likes to change ALL the oils and filters when he purchases a new vehicle. Not only because it gives him peace of mind, but how can you really be sure when they were last done?

Below are ‘typical’ suggestions on changes.

Automatic:  The typical service interval is 60,000 to 100,000 miles. However Milner’s would recommend that you change annually, just like you would with your engine oil and filters.

Manual: Many manufacturers recommend that manual transmission fluid be changed every 30,000 to 60,000 miles. Although if you check your owners manual, it will advise your vehicles recommendation.

Typically the colour of the fluid could indicate you that it requires changing.
If you do a lot of driving under high-stress conditions, you should check the transmission level more often and have a garage check the condition of the fluid. Transmission fluid often is red but can come in other colors, and as it deteriorates it tends to turn darker and sometimes smells burnt.


How Easy Is It To Change My Gearbox Oil And Filter?

When asking the question to one of our Milner Race engineers, he quickly replied with ”An absolute nightmare!” However he quickly retracted that statement and said it depends what vehicle it is on.

If you are fortunate to have a drain plug on your sump pan, it should be relatively easy and mess free. However if you are less fortunate – you will most definitely need a catch pan that is wider than your gearbox assembly.

Simple Steps To Changing Gearbox Fluid And Gasket:

  1. Place catch pan under drain whole or under the gearbox assembly.
  2. Unscrew drain bolt or remove gearbox pan, to start drainage.
  3. Remove the old gasket and filter.
  4. Inspect the gearbox pan. Make sure that the magnet (inside the casing) is clear of any small metal shavings, any large shavings may indicate more serious gear wear.
  5. Fit the new filter and gasket and bolt the pan back onto the vehicle.
  6. Ensure you have the correct replacement fluid, this can be found in your owners manual under their recommendations. Also check the amount that your vehicle requires.
  7. Pour in the correct amount of fluid.
  8. Start your vehicle and let it run for a few minutes and check the fluid level.
  9. Dispose of your used fluid correctly. Here is a handy link:

So when you are giving your vehicle a service, don’t forget to change the gearbox oil and filter as well.

Head on over to our website to get your filter and oil –> Milner Off Road

Vehicle Recall Checker – Is Your 4×4 Being Recalled?

vehicle recall checker

Sometimes when a car is released to the world, something can go overlooked and major problems can arise.

In the event of this happening, a recall usually happens, meaning that the driver has to send their car back to the manufacturer for work.

This has been in the news a fair amount over the last few years, with millions of cars recalled for everything from faulty airbags to electrics causing fires.

If your car has been recalled, it is extremely important to ensure that you return it swiftly so that the work can be done. So, there is a Government recall checker tool that allows users to quickly and easily see if their vehicle is part of an outstanding safety recall simply by entering a few details about their vehicle..

Many drivers are friends and fans of Milner Off Road thanks to the wide range of 4×4 parts that we supply, and therefore we want to ensure that everyone keeps their vehicle running as safely and smoothly as possible.

Click the image below to find out if your car has been recalled.vehicle recall checker

Has your vehicle ever been recalled by the manufacturer? What was it for and was it easy to resolve? Share your story with us in the comments below.

How to Improve Your Vehicle’s Fuel Efficiency Throughout the Winter

milner snow

No matter what make or model of vehicle you drive, the conditions throughout the winter will certainly affect the way you drive and the way you care for your set of wheels. As the cold and ice begin to set in, you might make adjustments such as changing your 4×4 tyres to winter-specific ones, or you might just carry on as normal but with the heating seeing much more usage.

Regardless though, the state of the road with its reduced grip and the greater periods of darkness will place more of a strain on your vehicle’s electrical appliances. Being forced to use your heater, fog lights, etc, is estimated to reduce the performance of trucks by around 10%, with cars also being impacted in a similar manner.

To counter this seasonal annoyance, there are luckily a number of ways to reduce the amount of fuel that you’re burning through. For instance, when it comes to setting off on a journey with a vehicle that’s been exposed to the cold, don’t just get in and drive off immediately. If you can wait a few minutes for the internal parts of the engine to heat up and reach a more optimal operating temperature, then you can reduce the strain on it and subsequently the amount of fuel required to get things up and running.

Secondly whilst you might want to drive faster if only to get out of the cold quicker, going as fast as legally allowed isn’t always the best course of action from an efficiency perspective. Whilst it is true that higher gears tend to consume less petrol, going too fast can lead to far more fuel being used than if you drove just a tad slower whilst in transit. The technical aspect of this revolves around the number of revs being produced, and avoiding heavy braking or acceleration will also yield a positive contribution in this regard. That’s not to mention the attention you should pay to speed limits, and even if the signs permit you to do a certain limit, do you really need to do so when there may be hidden dangers present?

Maintenance of your vehicle is another key avenue for exploration and whilst something you should always be on top of, this becomes even more crucial when driving in potentially treacherous conditions. Everything from tyre pressure to dust clogging up your air filters can reduce the performance of various instruments, in turn creating a needless expense on fuel on the driver’s behalf. Whilst different types of vehicle will have their own specific things to watch out for, the common consensus is to pay special attention to the tyres, oil, windows, brakes, interior, and fluids.

Indeed, tyre inflation is a point also worth considering as the pressure to which your tyres are kept impacts mainly on handling, but also on fuel consumption. Estimates are that for every one PSI away from the recommended level, tyres can worsen fuel mileage by .3%.

Fortunately though checking the PSI level of your tyres is easily done via checking the owner’s handbook which should come with the vehicle, or in many cases marked somewhere on the vehicle for easy consultation. Any petrol station will have the facilities to top up with air if needed, at a minimal fee.

Another possible approach for drivers to take is to reduce the weight your vehicle is carrying, and this is a tip for all year round-not just winter. Removing non-essential parts such as excess seats will mean the engine has less weight to propel forward and subsequently requires less fuel to move around. Take care though to not go overboard in this regard as some removable items such as spare tyres are items that are certainly better to have with you, even if they do make you slightly heavier.

If you have the financial capability to do so as well, there are a number of gadgets that can make your life behind the wheel a cheaper and more comfortable experience. Sat Nav’s and other GPS devices are far less costly than they once were, and apps such as Google Maps come completely free with smartphones and can be used to plot the quickest route in real-time. There are a number of other more expensive gizmos that can be purchased to help provide a better breakdown of your driving habits and what you can improve on, but the free options are more than sufficient for most people.

It’s also worth mentioning that no matter how meticulous you might be preparing your vehicle and making all the necessary purchases, there will be occasions when the weather is so bad that driving just simply isn’t worth the risk. There isn’t a product around that can 100% mitigate the dangers posed by ice or blizzards, so unless there is a dire emergency that happens to be occurring, staying at home and not using any fuel at all is likely to be your best bet.

Ultimately though no matter how meticulous you are with the way you drive or how you care for your vehicle, the rigours of nature mean that you will almost certainly spend more on fuel over the coming months than throughout the rest of the year. However, using the above tips you should be able to mitigate your losses and prevent such a vital expense from spiralling out of control and leaving you increasingly out of pocket.

Lastly, whilst making savings here and there is always enjoyable, vehicle ownership carries with it a responsibility to both yourself and fellow road users to maintain it to a level that does not threaten anyone’s safety. Being reluctant to adjust your tyres, for example, increases the odds of even the best driver being undone by a hidden patch of ice, and it only takes a single moment for everything to go wrong. Saving money is less important than safety so minimise some costs where you can, whilst spending on the real essentials that all drivers will require when the cold weather rolls in.

See our wide range of 4×4 parts and accessories at our main website for a great selection of products to help you prepare your 4×4 for winter driving, including snow recovery tracks.

Want more like this? Check out our other post – Winter Driving Safety Tips which features a cool, helpful infographic too.